Music Sociology in Morocco: Music Learning in Secondary Education as a Model

Hassan El Bakkari  |  Research on the Arts Program  |  2018  |  Morocco

This research addresses the issue of the impact of musical education on youth and learners in respect of shaping individuals endowed with high artistic and aesthetic characteristics, and able to take positive actions in the development and improvement of the society. Based on the premise that music is the foundation that reflects the aesthetic, cultural and civilizational attributes of a society, it reflects the awareness of both individuals and groups, as well as the nature of their social relations and the level of their artistic taste in general and musical taste in particular.

In this context, we take as a starting point the multiple factors that prevent the positive influence of music in the individual’s educational construction within the Arab family. Are they factors related to the cultural composition of the human being in the Arab society and to his or her social affiliation? Or is it related to religious, cultural and historical heritage, regarding, specifically, the sullying and foreboding of music? And how can the schools be able to enhance the musical education towards a better formation of children and youth generation in Moroccan society?

This will lead us to the assumption that the cultural heritage of the family has an influence on the artistic and aesthetic taste of the learner, and on the formation of a balanced and effective personality in the society, given that music has a close connection with the social factor. Starting from this idea we can talk about the relationship between what is music and what is social.

These questions will lead us to research the process of integrating musical education in the educational system in Morocco, and to investigate its condition as well as the qualifications of teachers and assimilation of third year preparatory students whether in public or private Moroccan schools. I addition to this, we will study the level of student’s interaction with the modules and the acquisition of singing skills (solfeggio), and the ability of adjusting to different rhythmic forms.

The level of skills will answer the question of the relationship between social belonging and cultural heritage and their impact on the youth’s musical taste of. The importance of the study lies in highlighting the most important difficulties that prevent the achievement of competencies expected in the private and public education sector, by identifying the objective reasons that hinder the development of the learners’ performance, in order to enhance their musical taste and develop their abilities and personalities to become active citizens who contribute to the development of art and society.